Puppy Vaccinations: Protecting Your Pet From Disease
Core vaccines are usually given to all puppies. They address diseases that are common and detrimental to the animal's health. Non-core shots are given based on a number of criteria, including a puppy's health and breed, and the level to which it will be exposed to the disease. This will become clearer below.
Why Should you Have to do Vaccinate your Puppy?
In this article, we'll explain why puppies need vaccinations for protection, and present the schedule of shots recommended by veterinarians. You'll also learn why vaccines do not guarantee your pet will remain healthy.
#. The Reason Puppies Need Vaccinations
When a pup is born, he nurses from his mother. Her milk is a rich source of antibodies known as colostrum. Because the puppy's immune system is not fully developed, he needs colostrum as compensatory protection from disease. The antibodies contained in his mother's milk essentially immunizes him. Without them, he would be vulnerable to nearly every infectious organism he was exposed to. In cases where a puppy is deprived of his mother's milk and lacks other options, he is likely to succumb to disease and possibly die.
#. Scheduling Vaccines For Puppies
The first set of shots is usually given between the fifth and eighth weeks, though this can vary by canine. Much depends on whether the animal still has a high level of antibodies in his body for a particular disease. The first vaccine is usually for parvovirus (or, simply parvo). Then, approximately a week later, a combination pack is given that covers distemper, parvo, hepatitis, and sometimes, coronavirus.
#. Vaccine Maintenance For Adult Dogs
In the past, adult canines received annual booster shots for continued protection against common viruses and infections. A combo pack was given for parvovirus, distemper, and other illnesses. Today, the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) recommends that adult dogs receive boosters every three years. If a canine is especially susceptible to a particular organism, the appropriate vaccine can still be given annually.
#. Vaccination Are Not A Foolproof Defense Against Disease
It's important to underscore that vaccinations do not preclude a puppy or adult canine from getting a disease. An organism can still manage to gain a foothold in the pup's body. This can occur if a vaccine was formulated incorrectly, and is thus less effective in providing protection. It can also happen if the puppy's immune system was poorly developed when he received the vaccine. If this was the case, his body's autoimmune response to an organism might be insufficient. Because this can lead to severe illness, veterinarians take great care to ensure a pup receives the protection he needs.