Talking About Medications Used In Veterinary Treatment For Dogs
When an animal has a medical condition, it is common for a veterinarian to prescribe one or more medications intended to treat or manage the ailment and at this point it is critical to find a caring animal hospital for your pet. While some veterinarians prefer to avoid pharmaceuticals, there are instances where medicine is the most beneficial option. Many veterinarians choose to use drugs specific to veterinary purposes and their veterinary specialization, such as canine or feline; however, many instances do result in veterinarians using the same medication offered to humans. This article will provide information on the different drugs used as the veterinary treatment for dogs.
Antibiotics are a form of medication used to destroy microbes, such as yeast and bacteria, and are most commonly used in cases of infection. While this type of pharmaceutical does not eliminate the virus in animals, it can be prescribed to treat any secondary diseases that may occur when the dog is ill because of the primary viral infection. For example, dogs will be prescribed antibiotics such as penicillin, cephalexin, trimethoprim-sulfa, and enrofloxacin.
2. Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory is a drug used to reduce instances of inflammation, swelling, lameness, and pain in canines. The most common type of anti-inflammatory prescribed to dogs includes firocoxib, meloxicam, and carprofen.
While steroids are not typically used inhuman treatment, they are highly beneficial when prescribed to pets. Asteroid can be used to treat and manage different ailments, including swelling and allergic reactions. It should be noted that steroids are potent substances and when prescribed in high dosages will suppress the animal’s immune system. Different types of this drug include dexamethasone and prednisolone.
Opioids are most often utilized as a form of pain relief; however, this is a highly potent drug and would only be prescribed if the animal is experiencing severe levels of pain. The opioid pain reliever is derived from morphine and is a controlled substance due to its addictive potential. Common pain relievers include meperidine, oxycodone, fentanyl, butorphanol, and hydromorphone.
5. Hormones And Other Condition-Specific Medications
Condition-specific medications and hormones are most often used in cases where the animal is experiencing a long-term health condition. For example, dogs suffering from diabetes would be prescribed insulin as a form of treatment.
6. Behavior-Modification Sedatives And Drugs
Behavior-modification medication is typically used in cases where the pet is experiencing emotional or psychological problems. The sedatives are often those prescribed to humans, such as diazepam being prescribed to pets suffering from anxiety. This type of drug may also be specified to animals that will be undergoing procedures soon, such as anesthesia before a delicate surgery.
One of the most common veterinary-specific medications is the anti-parasitic group. This type of substance is utilized to prevent or destroy both internal and external parasites including fleas, ticks, and intestinal worms.
As can be seen, there are several different types of medications used by veterinarians for the treatment of canines. It is essential that the procedure is suited to the condition and that the animal does not show any allergic reactions to the treatment to be successful.